Glossary

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Acrylic

A type of thermoplastic, often used for glazing. Good weather resistance, shatter resistance and visual clarity.

Air Infiltration

The amount of air leaking in and out of a building through cracks in walls, windows and doors.

Air Pockets

Bubbles of air that form within a compound used to adhere/affix glass.

Annealed Glass

Standard float glass (see below).

Argon

An inert, nontoxic gas placed between glass panes in insulated windows in order to improve the insulating value of sealed glass units.

Bay Window

An arrangement of three or more individual window units, attached in such a way as to project from the building at various angles.

Bead

Sealant or compound in a joint, a molding, or a stop (see below) used to hold glass or panels in position.

Block

A piece of lead, neoprene or other suitable material used to position the glass in the frame.

Blocking

To shim (see below), level and plumb windows/doors in required position.

Casement

A unit of glass, generally longer vertically than horizontally. It can either be opened to the outside (most common) or inside.

Caulking

The blocking of exterior air or moisture leaks by filling cracks around doors, windows, or anywhere else with a putty-like compound.

Clips

Wire spring devices to hold glass in rabbeted (see below) sash without stops.

Compatibility

The ability of two or more materials to exist in close and permanent association for an indefinite period with no adverse effect of one on the other.

Condensation

The accumulation of water vapor or droplets as the result of warm, moist air coming in contact with a cold surface and cooling to its dew point temperature. Condensation may occur when a cold window glass or frame is exposed to humid indoor air. Low-conductivity, insulated glass and warm-edge spacers reduce condensation.

Convex Bead

Bead of compound with convex exposed surface.

Curtain Wall

An exterior building wall which carries no roof or floor loads, made entirely or mostly of metal, or a combination of metal, glass and other surfacing materials supported by a metal framework.

Double Glazing

Two sheets of glass, separated by an air space. Double glazing improves insulation against heat transfer and/or sound transmission.

Double-Hung Window

A window consisting of two sashes of glass operating in the same rectangular frame. Both the upper and lower halves can be slid up and down. There is usually use a counter balance mechanism to hold the sash in place.

Dry Glazing

A method of securing glass in a frame without the use of a compound.

Elasticity

Ability to take up a certain degree of expansion and contraction.

Exterior Glazed

Glass set from the exterior of the building.

Exterior Stop

The removable molding that holds the panel in place on the exterior side.

Fixed Window

A window which is stationary, also known as a picture window.

Float Glass

High optical quality glass with parallel surfaces that retain the fire-finished brilliance of the finest sheet glass without polishing and grinding. Float is replacing plate glass.

Fogging

A warp on the inside surface of a sealed insulating glass unit. Caused by extremes of temperatures.

Gasket

A pre-formed shape of rubber or rubber-like composition used to fill and seal joints or openings.

Glaze/glazing

Glass or plastic panes, as in a window or skylight. Note that the terms "double-glazed" and "double-paned" are interchangeable. (The term "glazed" should not be confused with "coated" or "tinted.")

Glazing Bead

A molding or stop around the inside of a frame to hold the glass in place.

Glazing Compound

A soft dough-like material used for filling and sealing the space between a pane of glass and its surrounding frame.

Head or Header

Upper horizontal component of the master frame of a window, patio door or entrance way.

Heat Loss

The transfer of heat from inside to outside.

Heat-Strengthened Glass

Glass which is reheated to just below melting point and then cooled. A compressed surface is formed which increases its strength.

Horizontal Slider

A window in which the movable panel slides horizontally.

Insulating Glass

Insulating glass (IG) comprises two or more transparent glazing layers, separated by dead air spaces to reduce the heat conduction. Insulating glass units are standard for modern commercial glass applications and a requirement for most new construction.

Interior Glazed

Glass set from the interior of the building.

Jalousie Window

A window of horizontally mounted, louvered glass panels that abut tightly when closed and extend outward when cranked open.

Jambs

The two vertical members of the perimeter of the sash (see below).

Keeper

A device into which a latch hooks for security.

Laminated Glass

Two or more sheets with an inner layer of transparent plastic to which the glass adheres if broken. Used for overhead, safety glazing, and sound reduction.

 

Lite

Another term for a pane of window glass.

Louver

A window in which slats are so placed to block rain, sunlight or vision.

Low-E Glass

Glass with a low-emission coating that reduces heat loss in winter and heat gain in summer.

Mullion

A connector bridging two or more windows or patio doors together.

Outside Casing

Wooden exterior framing of the window.

Patterned Glass

Textured glass for ambient lighting and architectural detailing.

Picture Window

The picture window is stationary and framed so that it is usually, but not always, longer horizontally than vertically to provide a panoramic view.

Plate Glass

Polished plate glass is a rolled, ground and polished product that offers excellent vision. It has less surface polish than sheet glass and is available in thickness varying from 1/4" to 1-1/4". Now replaced by float glass (see above).

Sash

The portion of a window which includes the glass and the framing sections directly attached to it.

Security Glass/Glazing

Security glass has multiple layers of glass, and in some cases acrylics, in order to achieve maximum impact resistance from explosions, ballistic assaults and forced entry.

Sheet Glass

A transparent, flat glass whose surface has a characteristic waviness replaced by float glass (see above).

Shims

Small blocks of composition such as neoprene, etc., placed under the bottom edge of a lite or panel to prevent it from settling down onto the bottom of the frame and distorting the sealant.

Single Glazing

The use of single thickness of glass in a window or door (as opposed to sealed insulated glass which offers far superior insulating characteristics).

Single Hung

Similar in appearance to the double-hung window, the single-hung window features a stationary top and a movable bottom half.

Slider

A slider window may have one or two movable panes of glass. Whatever the type, the windows slide horizontally in the frame.

Spacers

Small blocks of composition, wood, rubber, etc., placed on each side of glass panels to center them in the channel of the frame.

Spandrel Glass

Heat-strengthened float glass (see above) with a colored ceramic coating on the surface. It has double the strength of annealed glass. It is available in a wide array of colors.

Stile

The upright vertical edges of a door, window or screen.

Stop

Either the stationary lip at the back of a rabbet (see above), or the removable molding at the front of the rabbet, which helps hold the glass panel in place.

Storm Windows

A second set of windows installed on the outside or inside of the prime windows to provide additional insulation.

Tempered Glass

When shattered it breaks into small, rounded pieces of glass, rather than sharp, irregular pieces. It is approximately 4 times stronger than standard annealed glass, and is used as safety glazing in patio doors, entrance doors, side lites (see above), and other hazardous locations

Tilt Window

A single or double hung window whose operable sash (see above) can be tilted into the room, for easier washing.

Tinted Glass

A colored mineral admixture is incorporated in the glass. Tinting offers sun protection and better temperature control.

Unit

Term normally used to refer to one single lite (see above) of insulating glass.

U-Value

The measurement used in determining the ability of different structural components (such as windows) to conduct heat. U-values can tell you how well your windows will hold in your heated or cooled air. The lower the number, the better.

Vinyl Glazing

Glass is held in place in vinyl channels.

Weephole

A small opening in a wall or window sill member through which water may drain to the building exterior.

Wet Glazing

A method of sealing glass in a frame by using a knife or gun-applied glazing compound or sealant.

Window Wall

A metal curtain wall (see above) in which windows are the most prominent element. Also refers to the smallest fixed lites (see above) used with wall systems.

Wire Glass

Wire mesh is embedded within the glass so it won't shatter when broken and remains in the opening longer in the case of a fire. Frequently used in skylights, overhead glazing, and locations where a fire-rated glass is required.